Sea Witchery : Goddess Amphitrite

I’m currently researching sea witchery as I have a deep love for all things associated with the sea/ocean. I wanted to include some information I found on the goddess Amphitrite for my future reference.

AMPHITRITE
Associations : dolphins, mussels, singing, spinning, weaving
One of the Nereids (daughters of Nereus and Doris) and wife of Poseidon. Known as the Queen of the Moaning Sea, she employed sea monsters to thrust wave onto rocky shores. Amphitrite was depicted riding in a boat of mussel shells, her wet hair set in a net. Her name means “wearing away of the shore” [ Source : Sea Magic by Sandra Kynes ]

Amphitrite was the goddess queen of the sea, the wife of King Poseidon. Some say she was one of the fifty Nereides, others an Okeanis, but most simply describe her as the female personification of the sea: the loud-moaning mother of fish, seals and dolphins. As such she was essentially the same as Thalassa. When Poseidon first sought Amphitrite’s hand in marriage, she fled his advances, and hid herself away near Atlas in the Ocean stream at the far ends of the earth. The dolphin-god Delphin eventually tracked her down and persuaded her to return to wed the sea-king.

Amphitrite was depicted in Greek vase painting as a young woman, often raising her hand in a pinching gesture. Sometimes she was shown holding a fish. In mosaic art the goddess usually rides beside her husband in a chariot drawn by fish-tailed horses or hippokampoi. Sometimes her hair is enclosed with a net and her brow adorned with a pair of crab-claw “horns”.

Her name is probably derived from the Greek words amphis and tris, “the surrounding third.” Her son Tritôn was similarly named “of the third.” Clearly “the third” is the sea, although the reason for the term is obscure. Her Roman equivalent was Salacia, whose name means “the salty one.” [ Source : Theoi ]

The queen of the sea, variously given as the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys or of Nereus and Doris. When the sea god Poseidon wanted her as his bride, she declined the honor and hid from him in the Atlantic Ocean. A dolphin not only located her, but also brought her back to him, and he married her. The dolphin was awarded a place in heaven. Their son is the fish-man Triton.

Amphitrite was portrayed on Greek amphoras together with her consort, riding in a chariot pulled by sea creatures, or sitting on a sea creature, surrounded by Tritons. She is decorated with the attributes of a queen, her waving hair covered with a net, and sometimes with the pincers of a lobster attached to her temples.

The Romans referred to her as Salacia. [ Source : Pantheon ]

 

Amphitrite,  in Greek mythology, the goddess of the sea, wife of the god. Poseidon, and one of the 50 (or 100) daughters (the Nereids) of Nereus and Doris (the daughter of Oceanus). Poseidon chose Amphitrite from among her sisters as the Nereids performed a dance on the isle of Naxos. Refusing his offer of marriage, she fled to Atlas, from whom she was retrieved by a dolphin sent by Poseidon. Amphitrite then returned, becoming Poseidon’s wife; he rewarded the dolphin by making it a constellation. In works of art Amphitrite was represented either enthroned beside Poseidon or driving with him in a chariot drawn by sea horses or other fabulous sea creatures. In the famous François Vase (a 6th-century bc black-figure krater), Poseidon and Amphitrite, along with Zeus and Hera, attend the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. [ Source : Britannica ]

 

I’ve researched and read all I could find on Amphitrite but there’s not much information about her as she isn’t as “popular” as the major gods and goddesses in the Greek pantheon.

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